From the past to the present time, stones have been one of the most widely used materials in constructions, also they have the unique features that make them so popular among designers and builders. High resistance to pressure, heat, humidity and acid materials, easy cleaning and high polishing ability are some of the stones’ features.
Use of stones in the buildings
In order to know the use of different types of stones in the buildings, you must first know that stones are divided into different categories according to their physical and chemical characteristics, and each of them is suitable to use in a specific place. So, when you want to buy a stone, you must be careful that the stone you choose is a suitable option for the installation space or not. In this article, we will mention the types of building stones and their uses.
Applications of Travertine Stone
Travertine is one of the types of stones that is widely used in constructions. This stone belongs to the category of limestones that has a lot of porosity. Travertine is formed in hot springs and the holes in it are made by trapped gases in hot waters. These stones are usually available in white, cream and chocolate colors. Common colors like cream and chocolate travertine stones are more affordable but, white travertine stones are rarer ones, and they often have much higher prices.
The high resistance and durability of travertine stones have made them possible to be used in different parts of the buildings. Travertine stones are also used in the exterior facade of the buildings due to their light weight and great porosity to absorb cement.
Color of travertine stone
The colors of travertine stones are stable due to their special features, and they don’t fade or change against sunlight over time. So, this stone in addition to beautify, has a reasonable price and it is generally used by architects and builders for the exterior decoration and façade of the buildings.
Applications of Marble Stone
Marble is one of the limestones which has calcium carbonate, calcite, dolomite and crystal in its structure. The difference between marble and onyx is that marble is a type of sedimentary limestone, while onyx is a type of metamorphic limestone. In general, marble is one of the most beautiful and diverse building stones, and if a marble stone has higher density, it has also the higher quality and durability.
Advantages of marble stone
With its many advantages, marble stone has been noticed and bought by many builders in recent years. Some of its advantages are:
- Excellent polishing ability
- Easy installation
- Low water absorption
- High resistance to heat and pressure
- Very low porosity and a good adhesion with mortar
- No discoloration in the long term
- Reasonable price
- Having a very high variety
- High weight
According to the advantages and features mentioned for marble stones, they are used for both interior and exterior parts of the buildings like stairs, floor and wall covering and etc.
Applications of Granite Stone
Granite is one of the most resistant and hard stones, which has a high ability of polish and its resistance is much higher than marble and travertine stones. So, this stone has become a widely used material in constructions due to these features.
Uses of granite stone
Granite stone is mainly used in the following cases:
- Parking lots
- Decorative works
- Kitchen sink
- Landscaping in urban and personal spaces
This stone can be the best choice for the stairs because of its high resistance to pressure and its high durability.
As you know, building stones have a wide variety, and in this article, we just mentioned the three categories and uses of them.